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Overview of Heilongjiang Province

Heilongjiang Province is located at the farthest Northeast limit of Chinese territory, bordering Russia to its east and north across the Heilongjiang River and Wusuli River. The province is China’s largest grain producer, and China’s gateway to Russia. Over ¼ of China’s trade with Russia is conducted through Heilongjiang.

Major Cities

Capital: Harbin

Others: Daqing, Heihe, Jiamusi, Mudanjiang, Qiqihar, Suifenhe


As of 2012, Heilongjiang’s population is 38.34 million. Ethnic minorities (e.g. Koreans, Manchus, Mongolians, Hui, Daur, and Xibe) make up about 5 percent of the province’s population.

Political Leaders

Party Secretary: Wang Xiankui 王宪奎
Governor: Lu Hao 陆昊
Vice Governors:
        Liu Guozhong 刘国中
        Sun Yao 孙尧
        Lu Weifeng 吕维峰
        Yu Shayan 于莎燕
        Sun Yongbo 孙永波
        Zhang Jianxing 张建星
        Sun Dongsheng 孙冬生;
CPPCC Chairman: Du Yuxin 杜宇新
Communist Youth League Secretary: Li Haoyan 李豪岩

Party Secretary of Harbin: Lin Duo 林铎
Mayor of Harbin: Song Xibin 宋希斌

Economic Overview

Heilongjiang’s GDP reached USD 228.19 billion USD in 2012, with a growth rate over the past several years of around 11.5%. Petrochemicals and equipment manufacturing are Heilongjiang’s traditional “pillar” industries, and the province is home to the Daqing Oil Field, China’s largest. Agriculture is also a major industry in Heilongjiang, which is China’s largest soybean producer. In 2011, Heilongjiang produced 10% of China’s national grain output, and Heilongjiang State Farms have the highest mechanization level of all provinces in China. In 2003, the central government launched the “Revitalize the Northeast” plan, in part to further reform and privatize the state-owned enterprises (SOE) which historically dominated the province’s economy.

In 2012, the total value of Heilongjiang’s foreign trade reached 37.8 billion USD. Exports accounted for 14.4 billion USD, and imports accounted for 23.4 billion USD. Russia is Heilongjiang’s leading trading partner, accounting for over half of Heilongjiang’s total foreign trade value. In addition, over 25% of China’s total trade with Russia passes through Heilongjiang. The province’s other major trading partners are South Korea, Japan, and the United States. In 2012, 81.18 million USD of trade passed between the U.S. and Harbin. Several major American companies have investments in the province, including John Deere, Agco, Coca Cola, and Case New Holland (CNH).

2012 GDP per capita: RMB 35,711

GDP Composition by Sector:
        Agriculture: 7.8%
        Industry: 51.9%
        Services: 40.3%

Main Products: crude oil, heavy machinery, automobiles, aircraft, grain, steel

Exports: electro-machineries, garments, plastic, steel, shoes, agricultural products

Main Export Destinations: Russia, South Korea, EU (Germany), Japan, U.S.

Imports: crude oil, electro-machineries, fertilizer, processed oil, lumber, iron ore, paper pulp

Main Import Sources: Russia, EU, U.S., ASEAN

Natural Resources: coal, gold, oil, graphite, wheat, soy, corn, rice

Arable Land: 45,833 square miles

Commercial Opportunities

Heilongjiang province has identified heavy industry (specifically, machinery and transportation equipment manufacturing), high technology products, organic food processing, and pharmaceuticals as priority industries in the “Revitalize the Northeast” plan. The province’s development targets are focused on hi-tech industrial development zones and continued development of the dairy industry. Agricultural modernization and mechanization is also a major provincial focus. A recent provincial initiative of increasing subsidies for agricultural machinery and offering economic incentives for foreign and domestic agricultural machinery companies moving to Heilongjiang is intended to develop the local agricultural machinery industry. Many opportunities exist for companies wishing to tap the agricultural machinery market and related processes.


Heilongjiang currently has 82 universities and institutes of higher learning. Prominent universities and university-level institutes include: Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin Engineering University, Heilongjiang University, Harbin Normal University, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin Medical University, and Harbin Science and Technology University.